Select Page

Medical assistance – Malaria in Indonesia – What are we doing?

It kills a child every 30 seconds, and some 3 million people a year - the large majority in the poorest countries!

Malaria in Indonesia, a major public health risk

Although the cases have decreased since 2010, the current situation sees an upsurge in cases of malaria, linked to the economic situation of the country and the crucial lack of access to basic medical care.

Extract | Risk is present throughout the country, excluding urban areas, and excluding the areas specified: Jakarta, Surabaya, Denpasar (Bali), and other large cities are risk-free, including the beach resorts in southern Bali. Sporadic cases of malaria in travelers have been reported from rural areas of Java, Bali (Padangbai area), Bintan, and Lombok islands. The WHO data does not take into account the situation in eastern Indonesia, which is linked to the lack of existing data. Nevertheless, malaria in the regions of Flores, Sumba Timur, and Kupang is important in rural villages...

*Malaria is a life-threatening disease, that spreads when an infected mosquito, bites a person. The mosquito transfers parasites into that person’s bloodstream. Symptoms of malaria include fever and shaking chills. Malaria is common in tropical countries such as Africa and Asia. Malaria is treatable if it’s caught early.

What is malaria?

Malaria is a serious disease that spreads when an infected mosquito bites a human. Tiny parasites can infect mosquitoes. When it bites, the mosquito injects malaria parasites into the person’s bloodstream.
*What type of mosquito cause Malaria?

If left untreated, malaria can cause serious health problems such as seizures, brain damage, difficulty breathing, organ failure and death. Malaria is often referred to as the epidemic of the poor while the disease is largely determined primarily by climate and ecology, and not by poverty per se, the impact of malaria wreaks havoc on the poorest, those who can least afford preventive measures and medical treatment.

The impact of malaria is not only felt in terms of human suffering and deaths caused by the disease, but also in terms of the economic impact on areas with high rates.

Malaria is a devastating disease with some 40 percent of the world’s population in 107 countries at risk today. It kills a child every 2 minutes, and some 410’000 people a year – the large majority in the poorest countries!

How common is malaria?

Malaria is common in tropical areas where it’s hot and humid. Worldwide, more than 230 million people get malaria annually, the majority of these cases occur in Africa and South Asia.

What causes malaria?

People get malaria when an infected *mosquito bites them. A *mosquito becomes infected by biting someone who has malaria. The infected mosquito transfers a parasite into a person’s bloodstream, where the parasites multiply. Five types of malaria parasites can infect humans.

In rare cases, pregnant women with malaria can transfer the disease to their children before or during birth. Very rarely, malaria can transfer through blood transfusions, organ donations, and hypodermic needles.

“Malaria and poverty are intimately connected. As both a root cause and a consequence of poverty, malaria is most intractable for the poorest countries and communities in the world that face a vicious cycle of poverty and ill health”. –  Fair Future Foundation

Fair Future and Malaria

Although the cases have decreased since 2010, the current situation sees an upsurge in cases of malaria, linked to the economic situation of the country and the crucial lack of access to basic medical care.

In 2020, 256,000 cases of malaria were recorded in Indonesia. This figure should nevertheless be taken in the conditional because in a large number of regions of the country, people do not have an identity card or family record book, or people do not have access to medical care. Mortality, for example in the eastern regions, is still high: Fair Future can regularly notice this during medical visits to the outskirts of the region, or through testimonies from villagers. It should be noted that Alex Wettstein, founder of the Foundation and member of the medical team on site, can attest to this since he himself caught malaria on the island of Flores.

So far, there are still challenges to be overcome as the most worrying challenge is how to reduce the number of cases of active or passive malaria, such as the distribution of mosquito nets and the strengthening of human resource capacities of the medical field areas.

We also note that in some endemic areas people think that malaria is a common disease. And although malaria can be prevented and treated, it can also lead to death. Therefore, the concept of how to prevent this disease from occurring in the community is a challenge for all of us on the ground, today but especially tomorrow.

A challenge simply because medical resources are rare, health centers too far from the villages. People do not own vehicles, the roads are often difficult to navigate. The truck is most of the time the only way to get to a health center, at the cost of a difficult trip, if not impossible for a person suffering from malaria. Read about the “Truck of Life” program here.

Economic cost of malaria on countries

Malaria can be an economic disaster. Countries with high malaria transmission have historically had lower economic growth than countries without malaria. Countries that succeeded in reducing malaria showed substantial growth and improved prosperity thereafter;
  • Malaria is estimated to cost millions of dollars in the gross domestic product (GDP) in Indonesia every year. Illness slows economic growth due to loss of life and lower productivity – this is what economists call a “growth penalty”. When it is repeated from year to year, it constitutes a serious constraint on economic development;
  • The direct costs of malaria (but also of other diseases such as starvation issues, tuberculosis, Covid-19 pandemic, AIDS, and other childhood diseases such as asthma linked to the air pollution in Indonesia), include high public expenditure to try to maintain the health facilities and infrastructure, manage effective malaria control campaigns and provide public education;
  • For countries with a high malaria burden, the disease can account for up to 40 percent of public health expenditure, with malaria accounting for up to 50 percent of outpatient visits;
  • The indirect costs of malaria are also widely felt as worker productivity declines with increasing sick leave, absenteeism, and premature labor mortality. For many, the period of malaria transmission coincides with the planting season, further reducing agricultural productivity.


How is malaria treated?

Treatment for malaria should start as soon as possible. To treat malaria, your provider will prescribe drugs to kill the malaria parasite. Some parasites are resistant to malaria drugs. The type of medication and length of treatment depend on which parasite is causing your symptoms.

All malaria infections are serious illnesses and must be treated as a medical emergency. In offering guidance on the choice of antimalarial drugs, the main concern is to provide protection against **Plasmodium falciparum malaria, the most dangerous and often fatal form of the illness.

Atovaquone-proguanil Brand names: Malarone, Malanil and others; generics available.

TAKE 1 TABLET DAILY (ATOVAQUONE 250 mg + PROGUANIL 100 mg).

START 1-2 DAYS BEFORE ENTERING THE MALARIOUS AREA, CONTINUE DAILY DURING YOUR STAY AND CONTINUE FOR 7 DAYS AFTER LEAVING.

Note: Take at the same time every day with food or milk.

Doxycycline Brand names: Vibramycin and others; generics available.

TAKE 1 TABLET DAILY OF 100 mg.

START 1 DAY BEFORE ENTERING THE MALARIOUS AREA, CONTINUE DAILY DURING YOUR STAY AND CONTINUE FOR 4 WEEKS AFTER LEAVING.

Note: When taking this drug, avoid exposure to direct sunlight and use sunscreen with protection against long-range ultraviolet radiation (UVA) to minimize the risk of photosensitive reaction. Take with large amounts of water to prevent esophageal and stomach irritation.

Mefloquine hydrochloride Brand names: Lariam, Mephaquin, Mefliam and others; generics available.

TAKE 1 TABLET OF 250 mg (228 mg base) ONCE A WEEK.

START 1-2 WEEKS BEFORE ENTERING THE MALARIOUS AREA, CONTINUE WEEKLY DURING YOUR STAY AND CONTINUE FOR 4 WEEKS AFTER LEAVING.

Note: Side effects include nausea and headache, including neurological side effects such as dizziness, ringing of the ears, and loss of balance. Psychiatric side effects include anxiety, depression, mistrustfulness, and hallucinations. Neurological side effects can occur any time during use and can last for long periods of time or become permanent even after the drug is stopped. Seek medical advice if any neurological or psychiatric side effects occur.

For further details, cautions, contraindications, or alternatives, including guidelines for pediatric dosages and Emergency Self Treatment, download our whitepaper

How to Protect Yourself Against Malaria.

The recommendations for malaria prophylaxis outlined here are intended as guidelines only and may differ according to where you live, your health status, age, destination, trip itinerary, type of travel, and length of stay. Seek further advice from your physician or travel health clinic for the malaria prophylactic regimen most appropriate to your needs.

If I get malaria, will I have it for the rest of my life?

No, not necessarily. Malaria can be treated. If the right drugs are used, people with malaria can be cured and all malaria parasites can be cleared from their bodies. However, the disease can continue if left untreated or if treated with the wrong medication.

Some drugs are not effective because the parasite is resistant to them. Some people with malaria can be treated with the right medicine.

Two species of parasites, ***Plasmodium vivax and ****P. ovale, have liver stages and can stay in the body for years without causing disease. If left untreated, these liver stages can reactivate and cause malaria attacks (“relapses”) after months or years without symptoms. People diagnosed with P. vivax or P. ovale are often given a second medication to help prevent these relapses. Another type of malaria, P. malariae, if left untreated, is known to stay in some people’s blood for decades.

Pregnancy, preconception and breastfeeding

Malaria in pregnant women can be more serious than in non-pregnant women. Malaria can increase the risk of serious pregnancy problems, including prematurity, miscarriages and stillbirths. This phenomenon is exacerbated in the regions where Fair Future works, as people live a precarious life in terms of health, access to water, lack of quality food, lack or absence of medical care and information.

Lexicon

* Usually, people get malaria by being bitten by an infective female Anopheles mosquito. Only Anopheles mosquitoes can transmit malaria and they must have been infected through a previous blood meal taken from an infected person. When a mosquito bites an infected person, a small amount of blood is taken in which contains microscopic malaria parasites. About 1 week later, when the mosquito takes its next blood meal, these parasites mix with the mosquito’s saliva and are injected into the person being bitten.
** Plasmodium malariae is a parasitic protozoan that causes malaria in humans. It is one of several species of Plasmodium parasites that infect other organisms as pathogens, also including Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax, responsible for the most malarial infections.
*** Plasmodium vivax is a protozoal parasite and a human pathogen. This parasite is the most frequent and widely distributed cause of recurring malaria.
**** Plasmodium ovale is a species of parasitic protozoa that causes tertian malaria in humans. It is one of several species of Plasmodium parasites that infect humans including Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax which are responsible for most malarial infection.

Choose a cause to support

Donate for a cause of your choice

Donate to programs initiated by Fair Future and be on the ground with us. We are committed to ensuring that as many people as possible have access to medical care (basic and emergency care), Covid-19 screening and testing, access to school and knowledge, drinking and clean water, sanitation, women's rights, and minorities living in rural and ultra peripheral areas.

Going where no one ever goes is one of our priorities, see Truck Of Life program.

**Click here to make a donation

Donate for Clean Water Access in East Sumba

Do you want to participate in the drilling of a well for 40 families and 250 people? Provide clean and potable water to all those who no longer have access to it, or who have never had access to it. Water is life, water makes you feel good!

To do this, Fair Future and the Indonesian Red Cross are launching a program to build wells, toilets and provide access to drinking water to 42 villages and communities in East Sumba.

**Click here to make a donation

Donate for healthcare, to improve health and save lives

Whether it is to fight against famine, diseases linked to the lack of clean water, the lack of sanitation system, the fight against the Covid-19 pandemic, respiratory diseases linked to air pollution, tuberculosis, or any other form of recurrent illness, Fair Future does what it can to best help populations in need.

Help us to provide us with medicines, medical equipment, logistics, my indispensable faith also to get us where no one ever goes. Help us to heal, to give a better life, to help us to save lives!

**Click here to make a donation

COVID-19 in Indonesia, a dramatic situation

Take care of people, do what the state does not! Fair Futur acts to detect, test, treat and vaccinate the victims of the Pandemic. No Antigen tests, no vaccine (here in Sumba for example, hardly anyone is vaccinated). Also, the health centers are closed because they are infected and the medical staff is sick.

There are very few doctors and other medical personnel who are still at work. This is linked to medical and infectious factors, but also and above all because the staff is no longer paid, therefore they no longer come to work.

**Click here to make a donation

Donate for East Indonesia disaster

After the Sumba natural disaster in April 2021, Fair Future is the only foreign organization there. We commit ourselves every day to rebuild, to improve...

We are confronted with health problems, social challenges. We need infrastructural and human resources. They need to eat, drink, have access to healthcare and a roof to protect themselves!

**Click here to make a donation

Action for Fair Future Plateforme

The Fair Future donation platform focuses on the fundraising needs of nonprofit organizations

More than yesterday and even less than tomorrow, Fair Future and Kawan Baik Foundations continue to develop projects with humanitarian, positive, and virtuous objectives.

Our organizations get involved every day, in a concrete way on the ground. They are men and women, mostly volunteers, who work to find solutions and implement them so that everyone can have a better life.

**Click here to make a donation

You don't have access to e-banking?

Sometimes, it is not possible to make a donation via modern solutions, by what is called "e-banking".

From then on, you can participate in one of our projects or programs by making a bank transfer, via one of our two bank accounts in Switzerland.

**Click here to make a donation

Some more Information

Medical assistance – Malaria in Indonesia, what we are doing?

Risk is present throughout the country, excluding urban areas, and excluding the areas specified: J akarta, Surabaya, Denpasar (Bali), and other large cities are risk-free, including the beach resorts in southern Bali. Sporadic cases of malaria in travelers have been reported from rural areas of Java, Bali (Padangbai area), Bintan, and Lombok islands. The WHO data does not take into account the situation in eastern Indonesia, which is linked to the lack of existing data. Nevertheless, malaria in the regions of Flores, Sumba Timur and Kupang is important in rural villages.

Dengue fever cases still on the rise despite seasonal change

The COVID-19 epidemic has not slowed the onset of seasonal dengue fever across the country. The country has been battling dengue fever since early this year, at a time when state resources have been spent on curbing the COVID-19 outbreak. The similarities between dengue fever and COVID-19 symptoms have also complicated efforts to mitigate the annual spike in cases. The island of Java has contributed the highest average number of dengue hemorrhagic fever cases each year. In recent years, Bali and Borneo (Kalimantan) have had the highest incidence.

Impact of air pollution on health in Indonesia!

Outdoor air pollution is a mix of chemicals, particulate matter, and biological materials that react with each other to form tiny hazardous particles. It contributes to breathing problems, chronic diseases, increased hospitalization, and premature mortality. In Indonesia, this is the cause 50% of morbidity nationwide. How is air pollution affecting Indonesia? More than 80% of the Indonesian population of more than 260 million inhabitants, is exposed to annual average concentrations of pollution, well above the WHO guideline. The country has the fifth-highest loss of years of life in the world due to particulate matter pollution.

Assistance to people in case of malnutrition problems

Social consequences of malnutrition. Undernourished children have weaker immune systems and are thus more susceptible to infections and illnesses. Long-term insufficient nutrient intake and frequent infections can cause stunting, whose effects in terms of delayed motor and cognitive development are largely irreversible.

Medical Assistance for Children’s in pandemic time

Fair Future notes that children are certainly the most affected by the indirect impact of the pandemic than by the viral infection itself. Indeed, we have noticed that the COVID-19 pandemic is having an impact on the health of children, but through the increase in poverty, the loss of education and the closure of schools -here in Indonesia the closure of schools since March 2020-, food insecurity, violence as well as increased pressure on health systems and reduced access to personal health care services.

Truck of Life, Truck of Health Medical Care in Kangeli, East-Sumba

Truck of Life, Truck of health. Providing medical care in a remote village in East Sumba, close to Lewa. Desa Kangeli, where more than 120 people, essentially children have received medical care, medical treatments, food, clothes, games, books, and fun with the Fair Future and Kawan Baik Indonesia foundations.

Sumba disaster, current situation, what we are going to do next!

The food crisis, the crisis linked to the lack of water, the lack of access to healthcare … What Fair Future is doing to remedy many problems on the spot, here in Sumba East. Well drilling, construction of community water points, free medical care, planning of the reconstruction phase …

A “central water point” for 250 people, 39 families from East Sumba

Fair Future has just allocated a fund of IDR.148’000’000.- in order to proceed to the drilling of a deep well in order to provide clean water to a population of 250 people. This includes toilets and a place to wash and create social activities around the theme of water. This water center also aims to improve the health of people, especially children. A project by Fair Future, Kawan Baik, and the Indonesian Red Cross.

Going everywhere to help people from East Sumba

As you can see in these few photos taken by our teams in the field, thousands of people live in difficult conditions. Today, Fair Future and C / o are still working in a hurry! Certainly not the one that followed the disaster, but to tempt those who no longer have access to the most basic things such as: Water, food, medical care … As you can see in these few photos taken by our teams in the field, thousands of people live in difficult conditions.

A long work of cartography and studies of the damage and needs

Fair Future and Kawan Baik Foundations travel a lot, act a lot in order to respond in the most correct way possible to the immense needs of the population, of vulnerable people, including children, the elderly and pregnant women.

Common diseases we work on

Life-saving tuberculosis drugs are still unaffordable and out of reach for children in high-burden countries like Indonesia.

Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by bacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) that most often affect the lungs. Tuberculosis is curable and preventable.

A social disease, tuberculosis affects more particularly the poorest groups of the population, in particular the homeless people in whom the incidence (approximately 200 / 100,000) far exceeds that of other groups.

In Indonesia, tuberculosis is the leading cause of death in the category of infectious diseases. However, when one considers the general causes of death, tuberculosis ranks 3rd after heart disease and acute respiratory disease at all ages. The number of tuberculosis cases found in 2019 was around 645,000 cases. This figure has increased from the tuberculosis data recorded in 2018, which was in the order of 566.00 cases.

Meanwhile, the number of recorded deaths from tuberculosis based on WHO 2019 data is 98,000 people. This includes 5,300 deaths of tuberculosis patients with HIV / AIDS.

Life-saving anti-tuberculosis drugs are still unaffordable and out of reach for children in high-burden countries like Indonesia.

In 2020, the 30 countries with a high TB burden accounted for 87% of new TB cases. Eight countries account for two-thirds of the total, led by India, followed by Indonesia, China, Philippines, Pakistan, Nigeria, Bangladesh, and South Africa.


More info: https://tbindonesia.or.id/pustaka-tbc/informasi/tentang-tbc/situasi-tbc-di-indonesia-2/

Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by bacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) that most often affect the lungs. Tuberculosis is curable and preventable.

A social disease, tuberculosis affects more particularly the poorest groups of the population, in particular the homeless people in whom the incidence (approximately 200 / 100,000) far exceeds that of other groups.

In Indonesia, tuberculosis is the leading cause of death in the category of infectious diseases. However, when one considers the general causes of death, tuberculosis ranks 3rd after heart disease and acute respiratory disease at all ages. The number of tuberculosis cases found in 2019 was around 645,000 cases. This figure has increased from the tuberculosis data recorded in 2018, which was in the order of 566.00 cases.

Meanwhile, the number of recorded deaths from tuberculosis based on WHO 2019 data is 98,000 people. This includes 5,300 deaths of tuberculosis patients with HIV / AIDS.

Life-saving anti-tuberculosis drugs are still unaffordable and out of reach for children in high-burden countries like Indonesia.

In 2020, the 30 countries with a high TB burden accounted for 87% of new TB cases. Eight countries account for two-thirds of the total, led by India, followed by Indonesia, China, Philippines, Pakistan, Nigeria, Bangladesh, and South Africa.


More info: https://tbindonesia.or.id/pustaka-tbc/informasi/tentang-tbc/situasi-tbc-di-indonesia-2/

Dengue virus (DENV) infection is a major cause of acute febrile illness in Indonesia.  And a high cause of death.

Dengue Fever

Dengue hemorrhagic fever is a disease caused by dengue virus infection (IVD) which is transmitted through the bite of the Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes.

Dengue virus infection is an endemic disease that appears throughout the year, especially in the rainy season in various tropical and sub-tropical regions including in Indonesia. The rainy season is an optimal condition for breeding mosquitoes, so there can be an increase in cases that are high and fast. According to WHO, Indonesia is the second-largest country with dengue cases among 30 endemic regions.

Dengue is a severe, flu-like illness that affects infants, young children, and adults, but seldom causes death. Symptoms usually last for 2–7 days, after an incubation period of 4–10 days after the bite from an infected mosquito. Dengue is widespread throughout the tropics, with local variations in risk influenced by rainfall, temperature, relative humidity, and unplanned rapid urbanisation.

The COVID-19 pandemic is putting enormous pressure on the health and management systems of Dengue and tens of thousands of cases have not been managed properly, increasing mortality from this viral disease. Fair Future deals a lot with cases of Dengue, especially in poor villages, where no waste management is in place.

The case fatality rate (CFR) has been estimated at more than 20% of those infected. Knowing that Dengue fever affects millions of people every year, this makes it one of the most important causes of death in Indonesia. Complications can lead to circulatory system failure and shock, and can be fatal (also known as Dengue Shock Syndrome).

In some cases, Dengue infection is asymptomatic – persons do not exhibit symptoms. Those with symptoms get ill between 4 to 7 days after the bite. The infection is characterised by flu-like symptoms which include a sudden high fever coming in separate waves, pain behind the eyes, muscle, joint, and bone pain, severe headache, and a skin rash with red spots. Treatment includes supportive care of symptoms.

There is no antiviral treatment available. The illness may progress to Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF). Symptoms include severe abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, convulsions, bruising, and uncontrolled bleeding.

...

--> Read the dedicated page about Dengue Fever


More information: https://fairfuturefoundation.org/dengue-fever-cases-still-on-the-rise-despite-seasonal-change/

Dengue Fever

Dengue hemorrhagic fever is a disease caused by dengue virus infection (IVD) which is transmitted through the bite of the Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes.

Dengue virus infection is an endemic disease that appears throughout the year, especially in the rainy season in various tropical and sub-tropical regions including in Indonesia. The rainy season is an optimal condition for breeding mosquitoes, so there can be an increase in cases that are high and fast. According to WHO, Indonesia is the second-largest country with dengue cases among 30 endemic regions.

Dengue is a severe, flu-like illness that affects infants, young children, and adults, but seldom causes death. Symptoms usually last for 2–7 days, after an incubation period of 4–10 days after the bite from an infected mosquito. Dengue is widespread throughout the tropics, with local variations in risk influenced by rainfall, temperature, relative humidity, and unplanned rapid urbanisation.

The COVID-19 pandemic is putting enormous pressure on the health and management systems of Dengue and tens of thousands of cases have not been managed properly, increasing mortality from this viral disease. Fair Future deals a lot with cases of Dengue, especially in poor villages, where no waste management is in place.

The case fatality rate (CFR) has been estimated at more than 20% of those infected. Knowing that Dengue fever affects millions of people every year, this makes it one of the most important causes of death in Indonesia. Complications can lead to circulatory system failure and shock, and can be fatal (also known as Dengue Shock Syndrome).

In some cases, Dengue infection is asymptomatic – persons do not exhibit symptoms. Those with symptoms get ill between 4 to 7 days after the bite. The infection is characterised by flu-like symptoms which include a sudden high fever coming in separate waves, pain behind the eyes, muscle, joint, and bone pain, severe headache, and a skin rash with red spots. Treatment includes supportive care of symptoms.

There is no antiviral treatment available. The illness may progress to Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF). Symptoms include severe abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, convulsions, bruising, and uncontrolled bleeding.

...

--> Read the dedicated page about Dengue Fever


More information: https://fairfuturefoundation.org/dengue-fever-cases-still-on-the-rise-despite-seasonal-change/

Each year, malaria kills thousands of people in Indonesia. 70% of all deaths are children under five years of age.

Malaria

Malaria is a life-threatening disease that spreads when an infected mosquito, bites a person. The mosquito transfers parasites into that person’s bloodstream. Symptoms of malaria include fever and shaking chills. Malaria is common in tropical countries such as Africa and Asia. Malaria is treatable if it’s caught early. The malaria trend in Indonesia is increasing dramatically in recent years. The disease is fairly easy to treat, but access to the most effective treatments remains insufficient. 

90% of all malaria deaths occur due to a lack of access to medical care. Mosquito nets are expensive and out of reach for many.

  • Malaria risk is present below the altitude of 2000 meters
  • High-risk months for Malaria are: January to December

The transmission of COVID-19 in Indonesia has continued unabated and has spread to malaria-endemic areas, in particular the eastern provinces of the country, such as East Nusa Tenggara (NTT) where Fair Future is working, Maluku, and Papua, forcing authorities to intensify their vigilance to avoid a double burden of disease.

According to data from the Indonesian Ministry of Health, an estimated 250,644 cases of malaria have occurred in Indonesia, 85% of which are in rural areas. The high level of malaria endemicity in some areas is a cause for concern, not least because there is no end in sight for the COVID-19 crisis. This figure should nevertheless be taken in the conditional because in a large number of regions of the country, people do not have an identity card or family record book, or people do not have access to medical care.

Plasmodium - a parasite that causes malaria in humans - can damage the immune system, which is why patients with malaria are prone to other infections, including COVID-19.

And there are no new drugs in the development pipeline, which means we may find ourselves without effective options in the future.

Read the full dedicated page here! It's really interesting.


More info: https://fairfuturefoundation.org/medical-assistance-malaria-in-indonesia-what-we-are-doing/

Malaria

Malaria is a life-threatening disease that spreads when an infected mosquito, bites a person. The mosquito transfers parasites into that person’s bloodstream. Symptoms of malaria include fever and shaking chills. Malaria is common in tropical countries such as Africa and Asia. Malaria is treatable if it’s caught early. The malaria trend in Indonesia is increasing dramatically in recent years. The disease is fairly easy to treat, but access to the most effective treatments remains insufficient. 

90% of all malaria deaths occur due to a lack of access to medical care. Mosquito nets are expensive and out of reach for many.

  • Malaria risk is present below the altitude of 2000 meters
  • High-risk months for Malaria are: January to December

The transmission of COVID-19 in Indonesia has continued unabated and has spread to malaria-endemic areas, in particular the eastern provinces of the country, such as East Nusa Tenggara (NTT) where Fair Future is working, Maluku, and Papua, forcing authorities to intensify their vigilance to avoid a double burden of disease.

According to data from the Indonesian Ministry of Health, an estimated 250,644 cases of malaria have occurred in Indonesia, 85% of which are in rural areas. The high level of malaria endemicity in some areas is a cause for concern, not least because there is no end in sight for the COVID-19 crisis. This figure should nevertheless be taken in the conditional because in a large number of regions of the country, people do not have an identity card or family record book, or people do not have access to medical care.

Plasmodium - a parasite that causes malaria in humans - can damage the immune system, which is why patients with malaria are prone to other infections, including COVID-19.

And there are no new drugs in the development pipeline, which means we may find ourselves without effective options in the future.

Read the full dedicated page here! It's really interesting.


More info: https://fairfuturefoundation.org/medical-assistance-malaria-in-indonesia-what-we-are-doing/

A real health emergency, resistance to antimicrobials. It threatens to make simple cuts & easily treatable diseases, are deadly again.

Antimicrobial resistance

Antimicrobial agents have played a vital role in reducing the burden of communicable diseases around the world. The WHO South-East Asia Region is no exception. On an Indonesian or "local" scale, antimicrobial drugs, including antibiotics, are very cheap, accessible, and very effective. It is with good reason that many have long considered them to be "miracle drugs".

The situation in Indonesia with this major health problem is absolutely catastrophic. Participating physicians prescribe antimicrobials on all counts, for infections for which any form of antimicrobial is unnecessary. Too large a proportion of sick patients simply no longer respond to the treatments they - sometimes very urgently - need.

The emergence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) creates “superbugs” that make treatment of basic infections difficult (and in some cases impossible) and surgery risky. And while the emergence of resistance in microorganisms is an ongoing phenomenon, its amplification and spread are the results of one thing: human behavior.

The WHO South-East Asia Region is particularly affected. As the risk assessments conducted by WHO have shown, the Region is probably the most at-risk part of the world. Not only does AMR affect the health and well-being of people in Indonesia, it also has ramifications for public health and general well-being. This makes the problem of immense global importance.

 


More info: https://www.balimedicaljournal.org/index.php/bmj/article/viewFile/1386/pdf

Antimicrobial resistance

Antimicrobial agents have played a vital role in reducing the burden of communicable diseases around the world. The WHO South-East Asia Region is no exception. On an Indonesian or "local" scale, antimicrobial drugs, including antibiotics, are very cheap, accessible, and very effective. It is with good reason that many have long considered them to be "miracle drugs".

The situation in Indonesia with this major health problem is absolutely catastrophic. Participating physicians prescribe antimicrobials on all counts, for infections for which any form of antimicrobial is unnecessary. Too large a proportion of sick patients simply no longer respond to the treatments they - sometimes very urgently - need.

The emergence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) creates “superbugs” that make treatment of basic infections difficult (and in some cases impossible) and surgery risky. And while the emergence of resistance in microorganisms is an ongoing phenomenon, its amplification and spread are the results of one thing: human behavior.

The WHO South-East Asia Region is particularly affected. As the risk assessments conducted by WHO have shown, the Region is probably the most at-risk part of the world. Not only does AMR affect the health and well-being of people in Indonesia, it also has ramifications for public health and general well-being. This makes the problem of immense global importance.

 


More info: https://www.balimedicaljournal.org/index.php/bmj/article/viewFile/1386/pdf

Plastic that burns, everywhere! Air pollution is responsible for almost 50% of mortality here.

Impact of air pollution on health

Globally, air pollution kills an estimated 7 million people annually in Indonesia according to the World Health Organisation (WHO). Current air pollution problems are greatest in Indonesia as they caused 50% of morbidity across the country.

Diseases stemming from vehicular emissions and air pollution include acute respiratory infection, bronchial asthma, bronchitis, and eye, skin irritations, lung cancer, and cardiovascular diseases.

In Indonesia plastic combustion is responsible for the majority of asthma cases in children. The culprits are "phthalates", those chemicals which give plastic its prized qualities (flexibility), and which are serious endocrine disruptors, associated with a plethora of health problems.

  • Burning plastics releases toxic gases such as dioxins, furans, mercury, and polychlorinated biphenyls into the atmosphere, and poses a threat to vegetation, as well as to the health of humans and animals;
  • When plastic is burned, it releases dangerous chemicals such as hydrochloric acid, sulfur dioxide, dioxins, furans, and heavy metals, as well as particulates. These emissions are known to cause respiratory ailments and stress human immune systems, and they're potentially carcinogenic;
  • Dioxins are deposited on crops, fruits, vegetables, and in waterways where they end up in our food and therefore in our bodies. These dioxins are potentially fatal persistent organic pollutants that can cause cancer and disrupt the respiratory and thyroid systems.
  • ...

Read the full page about this very serious matter

 


More info: https://fairfuturefoundation.org/air-pollution-and-plastic-waste-in-indonesia/

Impact of air pollution on health

Globally, air pollution kills an estimated 7 million people annually in Indonesia according to the World Health Organisation (WHO). Current air pollution problems are greatest in Indonesia as they caused 50% of morbidity across the country.

Diseases stemming from vehicular emissions and air pollution include acute respiratory infection, bronchial asthma, bronchitis, and eye, skin irritations, lung cancer, and cardiovascular diseases.

In Indonesia plastic combustion is responsible for the majority of asthma cases in children. The culprits are "phthalates", those chemicals which give plastic its prized qualities (flexibility), and which are serious endocrine disruptors, associated with a plethora of health problems.

  • Burning plastics releases toxic gases such as dioxins, furans, mercury, and polychlorinated biphenyls into the atmosphere, and poses a threat to vegetation, as well as to the health of humans and animals;
  • When plastic is burned, it releases dangerous chemicals such as hydrochloric acid, sulfur dioxide, dioxins, furans, and heavy metals, as well as particulates. These emissions are known to cause respiratory ailments and stress human immune systems, and they're potentially carcinogenic;
  • Dioxins are deposited on crops, fruits, vegetables, and in waterways where they end up in our food and therefore in our bodies. These dioxins are potentially fatal persistent organic pollutants that can cause cancer and disrupt the respiratory and thyroid systems.
  • ...

Read the full page about this very serious matter

 


More info: https://fairfuturefoundation.org/air-pollution-and-plastic-waste-in-indonesia/

And about the Dengue fever?

Quick facts about Malaria

Click to open it

FFF Base Camp NTT, East Sumba

Cover for Fair Future Foundation
2,346
Fair Future Foundation

Fair Future Foundation

The Fair Future Foundation is a Swiss Foundation recognized of Pure Public Utility & State Approved by the Canton of Vaud and the Swiss Confederation.

Comments Box SVG iconsUsed for the like, share, comment, and reaction icons

The Fair Future Foundation and the Kawan Baik Indonesia foundations, are looking for you Kawan! We need you to be part of the communication team of the Fair Future Foundation and the Kawan Baik Indonesia non-profit organisation, based in Indonesia.

You've got excellent writing and editing skills in English, you're good in project management skills, including time management, goal-setting, multitasking and prioritization, you have a huge motivation and extraordinary sense of communication, business correspondence, public relations, advertising, marketing and sales copy and social media and a large sense of humour?

You're not afraid to impose yourself? You have an atypical personality and a great sense of humanity?

Do you have a good experience in the world of non-profit organizations?

If yes, it means you're ready to be a part of the change, and that you are the one we are delighted to meet!

📝Apply now here and... 👋See you soon!

ow.ly/K8Rk30s1QXU
... See MoreSee Less

No water, no life. No blue, no green - Water Connections Project!

The project in images and .PDF version. You can read it and help us help them access a source of 💦clean water, in quantity and quality, by 🇨🇭Fair Future Foundation and 🇮🇩Kawan Baik Indonesia.

Thank you for your time, your interest and benevolence.

#SwissNGO #Water #WaterConnections #CleanWaterAccess #FairFutureFoundation #KawanBaikIndonesia #NTT #Indonesia #Switzerland #HealthierLife #Malnutrition #Donate #DonateForCleanWater

fairfuturefoundation.org/water-connections-project-the-full-presentation/
... See MoreSee Less

No water, no life. No blue, no green - Water Connections Project!

The project in images and .PDF version. You can read it and help us help them access a source of 💦clean water, in quantity and quality, by 🇨🇭Fair Future Foundation and 🇮🇩Kawan Baik Indonesia.

Thank you for your time, your interest and benevolence.

#SwissNGO #Water #WaterConnections #CleanWaterAccess #FairFutureFoundation #KawanBaikIndonesia #NTT #Indonesia #Switzerland #HealthierLife #Malnutrition #Donate #DonateForCleanWater

https://fairfuturefoundation.org/water-connections-project-the-full-presentation/

A project such as drilling a well to a depth of more than 60m, in the middle of nowhere, in an area where no one has access to 💦water, is a challenge that requires working with the local community!

Due to these few 15 days of preparation, we had to go to the site every day, tackle the roads that are not, remember to bring all the equipment, organise, demonstrate great adaptability and resistance to Fatigue, climate, lack of sleep. But what immense happiness today! This is the ultimate reward, the joy of seeing the smiles on the faces of these villagers: They are going to have water very soon!

These few images show the work we carried out during the 15 days preceding the start of the drilling, which began yesterday November 08, 2021. A project leaded by 🇨🇭Fair Future Foundation and 🇮🇩Kawan Baik Indonesia from the field in East Sumba.

Those last few 15 day, an access had to be opened in order to transport the equipment on site, certainly more than a ton of material and drilling equipment. Nearly 1500m across virgin fields, tall grass, land, and dealing with the ⛰️relief of the land. Note that no vehicle had previously entered the site of this drilling and it took us an hour to arrive at the site we had chosen last month. An immense feeling of having arrived in a sort of "promised land", where water will soon ⛲spring up!

It was also necessary to build a 🏕️place so that the drillers can spend about 15 days on the site, including sleeping, eating, washing, cooking... But also finding solutions to bring and store the nearly 💧20'000 litres of water it takes to drill a well over 60 meters deep.

In this community live more than 200 families who do not have access to 🚰water or sanitation solutions. Therefore the enthusiasm is formidable, a surge of solidarity is triggered spontaneously, and the help of these poor families in terms of economy, is very touching.

fairfuturefoundation.org/
kawanbaikindonesia.org/
rumahkambera.org/
... See MoreSee Less

Load some more here!

Water Connections - Give access to Clean Water

Together, we can prevent disease and sustains lives and livelihoods

Fair Future, for the "Water Connections Program", builds central water points. The foundation finances (and builds) each of these constructions between $ 7,500.- and $ 10,000.-. Fair Future is also and above all on-site, every day, as part of the phase of “recovery and reconstruction, in Sumba East. Each project provides water and sanitation facilities to 40+ families or nearly 300 people. But also and of course, clean water, showers, toilets.

Act for Clean Water AccessMore informations

How your donations are used?Your donations pay for tons of food, medical treatments, solutions to have a better and healthier life!Thank you very much for your support

%

Socio-Medical Mission

%

Fundraising

%

Management & General Admin

Your donationMatters a lot to them!Your gift will help us provide solutions for an healthier life, to all thos in need

How your donationsAre used?Your gifts provide medical care, life-saving resources, to tens of thousands of people

The key to anHealthy living is to Simply being with people, understanding them and helping them according to their real needs